Oil climbs $1 per barrel on strong demand, tight supply
Brent crude rose $1.18 , or 1%, to $115.31 a barrel by 11:12 a.m. ET (1512 GMT). The U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude contract for July, which expires on Tuesday, rose $1.95, or 1.8%, to $111.51. The more active August contract was up $2.00 at $109.99.
Both benchmarks posted a weekly loss last week. For WTI it was the first weekly loss in eight weeks, for Brent the first in five.
“You have some people jumping in here to buy the bottom or what they hope is the bottom of the market,” said Robert Yawger, director of energy futures at Mizuho in New York.
Prices drew support when Exxon Mobil Chief Executive Darren Woods predicted three to five years of fairly tight oil markets.
Vitol’s head Russell Hardy flagged under-investment and a decline in production capacity for crude oil and a tight refining situation.
The 50-day simple moving average of U.S. front month futures touched its highest since 2008, and Brent’s touched its highest since 2013.
On the demand side, UBS analyst Giovanni Staunovo said that despite concerns over economic growth, data continues to show solid oil demand.
“We expect oil demand to improve further, benefiting from the reopening of China, summer travel in the northern hemisphere and the weather getting warmer in the Middle East. With supply growth lagging demand growth over the coming months, we continue to expect higher oil prices,” he said.
On Monday, U.S. President Joe Biden said a decision on whether to pause a federal gasoline tax could come this week. The United States is also in talks with Canada and other allies to further restrict Moscow’s energy revenue by imposing a price cap on Russian oil, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said on Monday.
The market has been supported by supply anxiety after sanctions on oil shipments from Russia, the world’s second-largest oil exporter, and worries Russian output could fall due to sanctions on equipment needed for production.
European Union leaders aim to maintain pressure on Russia at their summit this week by committing to further work on sanctions, a draft document showed.
“Supply concerns are unlikely to subside unless there is a resolution to the Russia-Ukraine war, or unless we see a sharp rise in supply from either the U.S. or OPEC,” said Madhavi Mehta, commodity research analyst at Kotak Securities.
Prospects of successful negotiation of a nuclear deal with Iran and a lifting of U.S. sanctions were also receding.
U.S. petroleum inventory data is delayed this week because of Monday’s public holiday, with industry data due on Wednesday at 4:30 p.m. and government data scheduled for Thursday at 11 a.m. [EIA/S]
(Reporting by Arathy Somasekhar, additional reporting by Bozorgmehr Sharafedin in London, Sonali Paul in Melbourne and Koustav Samanta and Isabel Kua in SingaporeEditing by David Goodman, Marguerita Choy and David Gregorio)