There is a Third Mission Going to Venus, Earth’s Evil Twin

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Artist’s impression of ESA’s EnVision mission ESA/VR2Planets/DamiaBouic

A floor temperature sizzling sufficient to soften lead. An environment so thick the stress on the floor is equal to being 3,000 ft underwater. Rains of sulfuric acid. Venus is just not an inviting place to go to, however sending probes there might reply some long-standing questions concerning the historical past of the photo voltaic system and our personal planet. Now, the European House Company (ESA) has introduced it should ship a mission to Venus referred to as EnVision.

EnVision joins the two missions to Venus lately introduced by NASA: VERITAS, which can examine the planet’s floor, and DAVINCI+, which can probe its environment. These three missions collectively will educate us a couple of planet that arguably has been ignored within the final couple of a long time, and about which we nonetheless have an amazing quantity to study.

“A brand new period within the exploration of our closest, but wildly completely different, Photo voltaic System neighbor awaits us,” stated Günther Hasinger, ESA’s director of science. “Collectively, with the newly introduced NASA-led Venus missions, we may have an especially complete science program at this enigmatic planet properly into the following decade.”

ESA goals to spend the following 10 years designing, constructing, and testing EnVision, with an earliest doable launch date of 2031. The journey from Earth to Venus will take round 15 months, after which it should take one other 16 months for the craft to decelerate and enter orbit. The NASA missions will function on related schedules, with anticipated launches between 2028 and 2030.

One of many devices on board EnVision shall be an imaging and radar instrument that can take the very best high quality pictures of Venus but, and can supply a substantial improve over the earlier pictures of Venus captured by NASA’s Magellan mission within the Nineteen Nineties. This instrument, referred to as the Venus Artificial Aperture Radar (VenSAR), shall be offered by NASA as a part of its cooperation with ESA.

“We’re thrilled to contribute to ESA’s thrilling new mission to analyze Venus,” stated Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA’s affiliate administrator for science. “EnVision leverages strengths in instrument improvement by each our companies. Mixed with NASA’s Discovery missions to Venus, the science group may have a strong and synergistic set of recent information to know how Venus shaped and the way the floor and environment modified over time.”

Venus is attention-grabbing to scientists as a result of they suppose that at one level the planet was just like Earth. The 2 planets are related in dimension and are thought to have been shaped in the identical means, and Venus might even have had water on its floor at one level way back in its historical past. However the two planets diverged of their evolution, with Venus buying a thick, toxic environment with extremely excessive temperatures and stress on the floor — to such a level that ESA has named Venus “Earth’s evil twin.”

The image shows Earth (left) and Venus (right), and how similar they are in size. How did these sister planets evolve to end up so different? The EnVision mission (spacecraft render in image) aims to answer some of these key questions, and the NASA-provided EnVision Venus Synthetic Aperture Radar (VenSAR) will play a center role. The VenSAR will be built and operated by JPL.
The picture reveals Earth (left) and Venus (proper) and the way related the 2 planets are in dimension. How did these sister worlds evolve to finish up so completely different? The European House Company’s EnVision mission (spacecraft render in picture) goals to reply a few of these key questions, and the NASA-provided EnVision Venus Artificial Aperture Radar (VenSAR) will play a central position. The VenSAR shall be constructed and operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. European House Company / Paris Observatory / VR2Planets

Gathering extra data on Venus will help planetary scientists perceive how the 2 diverged, instructing us concerning the historical past of Earth as properly.

“I’m delighted that the synergistic capabilities of those three new missions will rework our basic understanding of Venus,” stated Lori Glaze, director of NASA’s Planetary Science Division on the company’s headquarters in Washington. “ESA’s EnVision mission will present unparalleled high-resolution imaging and polarimetry capabilities. Excessive-resolution pictures of many dynamic processes at Mars profoundly modified the way in which we thought concerning the Crimson Planet, and pictures at related scales have the potential to do the identical for Venus.”

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